Any organization dedicated to achieving or accomplishing specific goals needs to a set of management concepts. That organization may be a large business corporation, or it may be something committed to another sphere of activity entirely different, such as the NASA Space Administration. Whatever type of organizational structure is involved, management concepts facilitate strategic and/or tactical objectives. Generally very large sums of money, personnel, and resources are at stake, and thus it is critical to have specific management concepts to most effectively utilize, control, and organize those resources.
Although every organization or association is different, there must be some sort of plan implemented to achieve specified goals and objectives. Strategic planning can be the overarching management concept that sets the direction the “ship of business” will take. Planning will involve all the various factors that may affect business or organization operations. Internal and external strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and even threats are all factored into the planning process and procedures. There are many different areas of planning, such as financial, general assets available, employee pool and selection process, and so on. The management concept of planning should be practical and efficient.
Management Concepts: Organize
Once the overall goals, objectives, and operational strategy have been set forth, the next function of management is to organize all the resources to implement the organizational plan. It is true that any business is a series of relationships between groups and departments, employees, outside entities that interact with the organization, etc. Rather than having the management concept of business as a war and battlefield, there should instead be one of harmonization between various components of the business model. Task allocation and information expenditure are some examples of organizing a business venture, undertaking or outfit.
Any organization is comprised of people, and this staff needs direction, a third management concept. There must be communication between department heads, plus motivation is required to get the various teams headed in the right direction as set out in the planning stages. Prizes, incentives, commissions, bonuses, even vacation packages can all be motivational tools utilized by managers to effectively direct their employees and staff. A good manager understands the communication process, and thus knows how to problem solve and build positive interpersonal relationships. Any effective organization, whether operating on the business model or some other function, is really only as good as its workers, staff, technicians, administrators, and managers.
Management Concepts: Control
A final management concept is that of control. All the staff and workers of a company, at whatever level of job-function, need to have a clear understanding of the performance standards required of them. Obviously there will be higher standards required for those staff in positions entailing higher levels of responsibility; the mail room delivery person will not have the same job functions as the organization’s systems analyst! Whichever the case, management concepts are almost always an ongoing and continuous operation, with the function of maximizing company objectives and goals. The company is truly a series of relationships, and ensuring the smooth flow of those relationships can be challenging at best! Efficient and successful implementation of these management concepts will guarantee company success.